Adverbs – A word that modifies the meaning of a verb, adjective or another adverb is called an Adverb.
- Mihika runs quickly.
- This is very cold ice-cream.
Adverbs answer four speci?c questions about the verbs, adjectives, and adverbs they modify:
How? – quickly, gracefully, fluently.
When? – late, never, tomorrow.
Where? – there. inside, below.
How often? – very, well, almost.
Adverb Phrases – Adverb phrases are groups of words that functions as single adverbs to describe the action of the verb. E.g. The bus arrived on time.
Simple Adverb – An adverb used as a simple modifier to convey degree, manner, number, place, or time.
Two Adverbs sometimes go together, joined by the conjunction and; as
- again and again
- now and then
- by and by
- far and wide
Classification of Adverbs : Adverbs can be further classified according to their meaning.
1. Adverb of Time – Those adverbs that give the expression of time are known as Adverbs of time. These adverbs express in which or when an action is done.
- I go their daily.
- You may have heard this before.
- They are coming now.
2. Adverb of Frequency – Those adverbs that give the expression of quantity (often, seldom, always, again, frequently etc.) are known as Adverbs of frequency. These Adverbs tell us how often or how frequently an action takes place.
- She seldom goes there.
- Sometimes I feel bad.
- I hurt her only once.
3. Adverb of Place – Those adverbs that give the expression of place (here, there, everywhere, away, backward etc.) are known as Adverbs of place.
- Stand there.
- Come in.
- Come here.
4. Adverb of Manner – Those adverbs that show “how or in what way” (clearly, bravely, agreeably, soundly etc.) are known as Adverbs of Manner.
- Gaytari reads clearly.
- The birds flies swiftly.
- He left quickly.
5. Adverb of Degree – Those adverbs that convey the expression of how much, or in what degree or to what extent, are known as adverb of degree. E.g, very, extremely, too, nearly, well, etc..
- The tank is almost full.
- She plays quite well.
6. Interrogative Adverbs – Adverbs of Degree which are used in asking questions are known as interrogative adverbs.
- Why are you late?
- Where are you going?
- Why did you go there?
7. Adverbs of Reason – Those adverbs that convey some kind of reason are known as adverbs of Reason.
- She therefore left the college.
- The bell rang so he left the school.
- Since it is hot, I am very tired.